Yamotech Inc. works with community leaders to identify suitable local biomass resources. Biomass is a renewable energy source created from organic materials. Northwest Territories' forest covers 3.3 million hectares of land and represents 28 percent of the Canadian Boreal Forest.
In the Northwest Territories, biomass energy is derived from plant matter such as dead trees, branches and wood chips. These materials are used as they are, or to create wood pellets as an alternative source of energy for heating homes and businesses.
Yamotech Inc. works with its technology providers in Canada, US and Europe designing and deploying customized integrated energy systems that can be adapted depending upon the needs of the energy and end user.
Yamotech Inc. uses the combined heat and power (CHP) also known as cogeneration to simultaneously produce electricity and heat from a single source of fuel, mainly wood chips.
By using a CHP systems designed to meet the electrical and thermal requirements of any community facility, the system greatly reduces the cost of electricity provided by local electric grids. Most community electric grids are based on diesel fuel power plants. In some communities the cost of diesel power plant electricity is as high as $0.50/Kwh.
Yamotech’s biomass CHP systems are capable of producing electricity and heat at least 50% cheaper than conventional diesel power plants.
CHP systems are based on wood gasification process that converts carbonaceous materials into carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
The conversion process is achieved by reacting the material at temperatures higher than 7000C without combustion, with a controlled amount of oxygen. The resulting gas mixture is called syngas, or synthetic gas, or producer gas and is itself a fuel.
The power derived from gasification and combustion of the resultant gas is considered to be a source of renewable energy if the gasified compounds were obtained from biomass.
Yamotech Inc. also used the carbon dioxide resulted throughout the gasification process as an essential byproduct required for hydroponic growth chambers.
The raw carbon dioxide is filtered through scrubbers and injected into the growth chambers thus contributing to the photosynthesis process the plants requires.
This advanced technology eliminated the needs of CO2 canisters used in the greenhouse industry: they are expensive to ship to northern communities.
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ALTERNATIVE ENERGY: BIOMASS